(Lluís) Luis González-Mestres is a Catalan (Spanish) particle physicist in Annecy and Paris, France. He researches theoretical and experimental particle physics, with particular emphasis on cross-disciplinary research close to astrophysics (relativity and Lorentz symmetry violation, cosmic rays, neutrino physics, dark matter, cryogenic detectors, pre-Big Bang cosmologies...). Among his main contributions are the invention of scintillating bolometers, the superbradyon hypothesis and the original suggestion that Lorentz symmetry violation incorporating a privileged rest frame can lead to the suppression of the Greisen - Zatsemin - Kuzmin cutoff for ultra-high energy cosmic rays. He is a well-known « dissident » scientist, a member of the collective Indépendance des Chercheurs and a former member of the Intersyndicale (joint local unions) of the Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire at Collège de France that opposed to important aspects of the institutional policy in the 1990's.
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Lluís) Luis González-Mestres is a Catalan (Spanish) particle physicist in Annecy and Paris, France. He researches theoretical and experimental particle physics, with particular emphasis on cross-disciplinary research close to astrophysics (e.g. neutrino physics, dark matter, cryogenic detectors, relativity...).
 Birth and education
(Lluís) Luis González-Mestres was born in Barcelona, Spain on 14 March 1948, to Lluís González González and Pilar Mestres Gutiérrez de Pando. His father, a republican, was forced to leave Spain after the fall of Barcelona during the civil war. Although he was later allowed to return to Spain, he still had to face several problems due to his republican past  .
Gonzalez-Mestres got his master's degree in Barcelona, and a Diplôme d'Etudes Approfondies (DEA) in France (Orsay). He published his first scientific paper (on dual models) in the spring 1970, being a DEA student. He is a researcher at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (French National Centre for Scientific Research), CNRS, since 1972 and a Docteur d'Etat ès Sciences since 1975. He was a CERN fellow in 1978 and 1979.
 Research and related activities
 Strong interaction Physics
Together with Patrick Aurenche, he opposed f-Pomeron identity patterns and defended the idea of a gluonic Pomeron different from any promoted f-trajectory. These papers were at the origin of some controversy with strong interaction phenomenologists. But in a note added in proof to his article Baryons in the 1/N expansion published in November 1979 , Edward Witten referred to the work by Aurenche and Gonzalez-Mestres as a paper dealing with aspects of the 1/N expansion not discussed in his article.
 Cryogenic detectors, neutrinos, dark matter
In January 1984, together with Denis Perret-Gallix, González-Mestres proposed the use of superheated superconducting granules (SSG) of type I superconductors to detect magnetic monopoles. Both authors worked in 1984-90 to develop a SSG detector for this project, but also for a SSG solar neutrino detector following a proposal by Georges Waysand. In 1985, following a suggestion by Mark Goodman and Edward Witten, they also started considering a SSG dark matter detector  . Gonzalez-Mestres gave a lecture on the SSG detectors at the January 1987 Erice School  .
Gonzalez-Mestres and Perret-Gallix simultaneously considered alternative detectors for neutrinos and dark matter, such as special scintillators  . They formulated in 1988  the original proposal of the luminescent bolometer (also called scintillating bolometer) with simultaneous detection of light and heat , that is now the basic instrument of the CRESST (Dark Matter Search) experiment, of the ROSEBUD experiment  and (partially) of the EURECA (Dark Matter Search) project. In 1989, Gonzalez-Mestres and Perret-Gallix further emphasized the potentialities of such a detector for particle identification and background rejection. In 1991-92, Gonzalez-Mestres also discussed the possible use of the luminescent bolometer to improve effective segmentation and energy resolution in solar neutrino experiments incorporating an indium target  He considered the use of arrays of superconducting tunnel junctions to simultaneously detect light and phonons.
Gonzalez-Mestres and Perret-Gallix plaid an important role in driving the first steps of the international cross-disciplinary exchanges on cryogenic detectors. In particular, they organized in Annecy in 1988 the second european Workshop on Low Temperature Detectors for Neutrinos and Dark Matter  . They were invited to present this topic in the CERN Courier, the CERN review for the general public , as well as in CNRS Info, the CNRS press newsletter  . Gonzalez-Mestres gave rapporteur talks at the 1988 ESO-CERN Symposium  and at a parallel session of the 24th International Conference on High-Energy Physics (Munich, August 1988)  .
In 1990, together with Alain de Bellefon et Pierre Espigat, Gonzalez-Mestres proposed a cosmion detection experiment using a 100 mg thermal bolometer. A CNRS cross-disciplinary program on dark matter bolometric detection, including Noël Coron and other astronomers, was presented by Gonzalez-Mestres before the Scientific Council of the Laboratoire Souterrain de Modane (LSM) and approuved by French institutions in July 1990. Tests at LSM involved in particular LiF  and sapphire  thermal bolometers.
 Relativity and Cosmic Rays
González-Mestres is the author of the superbradyon hypothesis he formulated in 1995, conjecturing the existence of a class of particles with positive mass and energy, but with a critical speed in vacuum much larger than the speed of light. His works on superluminal particles and Lorentz symmetry violation (LSV) assume the existence of a privileged local inertial frame, called the vacuum rest frame.
He pointed out that the existence of superbradyons would necessarily imply LSV for "ordinary" particles, as well as a different early cosmology and new possibilities for dark matter, inflation and other fundamental issues. According to Gonzalez-Mestres, superbradyons can be the ultimate constituents of matter.
In June 1996, González-Mestres suggested  that spontaneous decays of superbradyons could be at the origin of cosmic rays with energies above the Greisen-Zatsepin-Kuzmin limit (GZK cutoff). In May 2009, he has claimed that superbradyon spontaneous decays and similar interactions can be candidates to explain data on electron and positron abundances (PAMELA, ATIC, Fermi LAT, HESS, PPB-BETS) considered as possible dark matter signatures. After his June 1996 paper, the idea that different critical speeds in vacuum woul lead to decays in the high-energy cosmic-ray region was also used by Sidney Coleman and Sheldon Glashow in 1997 in a more conventional scheme  . The April 1997 version of this paper refers to the work by Gonzalez-Mestres. Other authors also started considering ultra-high energy cosmic-ray (UHECR) production by the decay of various possible heavy objects.
In April 1997, postulating the existence of a vacuum rest frame and a quadratic momentum dependence for the effective LSV parameters, González-Mestres pointed out  that Lorentz symmetry violation for "ordinary" particles can naturally lead to a suppression of the GZK cutoff and that, under the same hypothesis, unstable particles can become stable at ultra-high energy. More generally, the stability and decays of ultra-high energy particles would depend on LSV parameters. This paper has been cited by the CERN Courier . These original ideas were also presented  at the 1997 International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC) whose copyrighted Proceedings were distributed to the participants before the beginning of the conference in July 1997 , and at a pre-conference [Pierre_Auger_Observatory|AUGER] workshop associated to this conference.
1997 and subsequent papers by González-Mestres also predicted the suppression of synchrotron radiation at high energy as a consequence of LSV. His suggestion, and the explicit calculation he published in November 2000, were applied by Jacobson, Liberati and Mattingly  to the observation of 100-MeV synchrotron radiation from the Crab nebula (see also ).
In 2002, González-Mestres analyzed  a previous attempt by David A. Kirzhnits and V.A. Chechin (June 1971)  to apply LSV to ultra-high energy cosmic-ray physics, and showed that their model does not allow to explain a possible suppression of the GZK cutoff. The failure of the Kirzhnits-Chechin approach, based on an extension of the Lorentz symmetry to Finsler algebras, to reproduce a possible absence of the GZK cutoff is due to the assumption that the laws of Physics be identical in all inertial frames. It also follows from this result that the Kirzhnits-Chechin model was actually the first formulation of current conventional [Doubly_special_relativity|doubly special relativity] (DSR), which does not lead to new physics for ultra-high energy cosmic-ray experiments. To stress the difference between his own approach and the standard DSR developed more recently by other authors, González-Mestres calls the former weak doubly special relativity (WDSR)  . These new ideas and results were presented at the I Symposium on European Strategy for Particle Physics  . As in the previous papers by Gonzalez-Mestres, a fundamental assumption of WDSR is the existence of a privileged local vacuum rest frame.
The work by Gonzalez-Mestres on superbradyons and LSV has opened a new research field centered around checks of relativity at UHECR energies. His original contribution in this domain has been explicitly evoked by The New York Times. in December 2002.
 Current research
More recent work by González-Mestres concerns the implications of AUGER and HiRes data for patterns of Lorentz symmetry violation, but also superbradyonic dark matter  and possible tests of quantum mechanics and energy conservation at ultra-high energy.  .
 Other activities
Luis González-Mestres has been a member of the Comité National de la Recherche Scientifique (Section of Theoretical Physics) in 1983-87. He is a well-kown "dissident" scientist. Some of his lawsuits (for instance, against recruitment and promotion procedures  or the confidentiality of some reports on CNRS management) successfully questioned the institutional behaviour. Since 2001, he is a candidate to the main CNRS elections and proposes in particular the suppression of the Directeurs de Recherche (Reseach Directors) corps that he considers as deprived of realistic professional grounds. He has also made public statements on the governement policy concerning the reserve duty of French researches in Egypt  and introduced legal action against controversial decrees instauring new police and intelligence files . He was a member and a representative of the Intersyndicale (joint local unions) of the Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire at Collège de France . His role appears, for instance, in the Intersyndicale communiquees  reproduced by alternative medias like La Gauche  and used by several conventional newspapers. The Intersyndicale opposed to the policy of research laboratory suppression at Collège de France. The LPC crisis was evoked several times by the French medias  and gave rise to a large number of public written questions to the government from French deputies and senators in the period 1997-1999  .
In November 1996, together with other members of the Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC) of Collège de France, Gonzalez-Mestres was an invited participant to the parliamentary audition  of Carlo Rubbia's Energy amplifier project by the OPECST (Office Parlementaire d'Evaluation des Choix Scientifiques et Technologiques). Gonzalez-Mestres emitted a critical view concerning the budget asked by Carlo Rubbia as compared to the feasibility statuts. Other LPC members, like Jacques Maillard, questioned the feasibility of the Energy amplifier. The French scientific hierarchy was strongly supporting Rubbias's application, but some industrial branches were skeptical. In June 1998, a cautious report by Deputies Christian Bataille and Robert Galley  described Rubbia's project as "médaille d'or du marketing scientifique" (scientific marketing gold medal).
In 1999, together with Michel Deza, González-Mestres was among the founders of the Association Contre le Harcèlement Professionnel (ACHP ), one of the first French associations against professional harassment, of which he is the president. In 2000, together with Jacques Gabarro-Arpa, he founded Indépendance des Chercheurs, a collective defending the independence of French research against lobbying and private interests.
Indépendance des Chercheurs is strongly opposed to the current policy of Nicolas Sarkozy and Valérie Pécresse about CNRS, research and universities. The collective denounces a "takeover bid" from corporations  and a "managerization" of CNRS,. . They also criticize on ethical grounds the role of the so-called "refereed reviews", and question their need in the internet epoch.
Although he is not a member of the French Communist Party, González-Mestres was, as the president of ACHP, a member of the working group that helped this party to prepare his private bill of December 1999 against harassment at work submitted to the Assemblée Nationale.
González-Mestres has also a scientific blog, Science, connaissance et conscience, and a more political one, Notre Siècle. Among the subjects dealt with are the ethics of science since the 19th century and possible scientific frauds in racial theories used to justify Europe's colonial expansion,.
An exploration of Arxiv and of all relevant databases clearly shows that the 1997 suggestions by Gonzalez-Mestres concerning the suppression of the GZK cutoff and the stability of unstable particles at ultra-high energy, as a consequence of Lorentz symmetry violation, were prior to equivalent proposals  by Sidney Coleman and Sheldon Glashow that do not mention the previous work by González-Mestres. Reacting to this situation, González-Mestres wrote in March 2000  :
"It should be noticed that our description of all these phenomena and, in particular, of points a) and b) , on the grounds of DRK was prior to any similar claim by Coleman and Glashow (...)"
(DRK stands for deformed relativistic kinematics. The points a) and b) refer to the absence of GZK cutoff and to the prediction that "unstable particles with at least two stable particles in the final states of all their decay channels become stable at very high energy".)
At the time, González-Mestres was a well-known member of the LPC Intersyndicale and was meeting some professional difficulties.
In his book The Trouble With Physics, Lee Smolin wrongly attributes to Coleman and Glashow the original idea that LSV could lead to a suppression of the GZK cutoff. About Gonzalez-Mestres, he writes :
"Remarkably, it took until the mid 1990 for us to realize that we could indeed probe the Planck scale. As sometimes happens, a few people recognized it but were in effect shouted out when they tried to publish their ideas. One was the Spanish physicist Luis Gonzalez-Mestres, of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique in Paris..."
Although it is true that González-Mestres had to face strong institutional pressure, not only because of his unconventional research subject but also due to the conflicting situation  of the Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire at Collège de France, it is unjustified to state that he was actually prevented from making his work public in due time. The existence of the arXiv electronic archive and of other e-publishing sites, as well as some international conferences abroad, allowed González-Mestres to disseminate his results and ideas. In 1997, Gonzalez-Mestres had been an invited speaker at the AUGER pre-conference Workshop  of ICRC 1997 and at the Maryland Worksop "Observing giant cosmic ray air showers from >10E20 eV particles from space". His work was cited in the 2000 review article by M. Nagano and A.A. Watson. 
However, for a long period including the year 1997, Gonzalez-Mestres had no funding from CNRS to attend conferences and was forced to pay himself most of the expenses. Furthermore, the organizers of the Fifth International Workshop on topics in Astroparticle and Underground Physics (TAUP 1997, L'Aquila, September 7–11, 1997) refused to include his contribution  in the proceedings  after it had been accepted and presented at the conference. Gonzalez-Mestres had complained about an invited talk  by Glashow at the same workshop that included his original results without mentioning his work. At the time of the workshop, Gonzalez-Mestres had posted to arXiv seven papers concerning the possible suppression of the GZK cutoff, the influence of LSV on the stability and decays of particles and nuclei at high energy and several related items. TAUP 1999 was held at Collège de France.
In a note of February 19, 2010, Gonzalez-Mestres has reacted  to the above mentioned assertions of the book The Trouble With Physics attributing to Coleman and Glashow some of his original ideas and stating that he had been prevented from publishing his results.
Gonzalez-Mestres is a master of the International Chess Federation. But, according to his blog, he has not played chess for thirty years. He was the Spain junior champion in 1964 and 1966. In 1965, he participated to the World Junior Chess Championship in Barcelona.
He studied at the University of Barcelona in 1965-69, a period of strong rise of the student movement. After his arrival in France (Orsay) in September 1969, he was one of the founders of the CEDE (Comisiones de Estudiantes Demócratas Españoles), a Spanish student organization based in France and devoted to support the struggle against Franco's regime in the 1970s.
- ^ a b Luis Gonzalez-Mestres (blog) A propos (in French), http://scientia.blog.lemonde.fr/a-propos/
- ^ J. Gabarro and L. Gonzalez-Mestres, Dual Amplitudes With Omega-Coupling For Six Pions And For Spinning Bosons, Lett.Nuovo Cim.4S1:86-92,1970, http://usparc.ihep.su/spires/find/hep/www?irn=6721257
- ^ Luis Gonzalez-Mestres, Curriculum Vitae, http://virtuel2.chez.com/cp97/cp97.html
- ^ P. Aurenche and L. González-Mestres (November 1978), Glueball Singularity, Flavor Loops And The Harari-Freund Picture, http://www.springerlink.com/content/q265255x464v71v3/ , Z.Phys.C1, 307, 1979 , scanned preprint at : http://ccdb4fs.kek.jp/cgi-bin/img/allpdf?197812103 , and references therein
- ^ Edward Witten, Baryons in the 1/N expansion, Nuclear Physics B 160, 57-115 (1979)
- ^ L. Gonzalez-Mestres and D. Perret-Gallix (1984), Amplification of fluxoids by metastable superconducting granules : proposal for an all-beta monopole detector, Proceedings of the Moriond Workshop on massive neutrinos in astrophysics and in particle physics, January 1984, scanned version at http://ccdb4fs.kek.jp/cgi-bin/img/allpdf?198402243
- ^ Mark W. Goodman and Edward Witten (January 1985), Detectability of certain dark-matter candidates, Phys. Rev. D 31, 3059–3063
- ^ Luis Gonzalez-Mestres (March 1990), Physics prospects with superheated superconducting granules detectors: Advantages and limitations, possible improvements and alternatives, Proceedings of the Moriond Workshop on Neutrinos and Exotic Phenomena, January 1990, scanned version at http://ccdb4fs.kek.jp/cgi-bin/img/allpdf?200032735 , and references therein
- ^ Luis Gonzalez-Mestres and D. Perret-Gallix, lecture given by L. Gonzalez-Mestres at the International School on Astroparticle Physics, Erice, Italy, Jan 5-15, 1987, World Scientific Publishing, Edited by A. De Rujula, D.V. Nanopoulos, P.A. Shaver.
- ^ L. Gonzalez-Mestres and D. Perret-Gallix (August 1987), Dedicated Scintillating Crystal Detectors For Low-Energy Solar Neutrinos And Dark Matter, Proceedings of the Meeting on the Universe Hidden Mass and Dark Matter, Annecy July 1987
- ^ J.P. Chaminade, A. Garcia, L. Gonzalez-Mestres, D. Perret-Gallix and B. Jacquier (March 1989), Dedicated Scintillating Crystals For Neutrino And Dark Matter Detection, Proceedings of the Moriond Workshop on Tests of Fundamental Laws in Nature, January 1989
- ^ L. Gonzalez-Mestres and D. Perret-Gallix (August 1988), Detection Of Low-Energy Solar Neutrinos And Galactic Dark Matter With Crystal Scintillators, Nucl.Instrum.Meth. A279, 382-387, 1989 , scanned version at http://ccdb4fs.kek.jp/cgi-bin/img/allpdf?198809032
- ^ L. Gonzalez-Mestres (May 1999), The Luminescent Bolometer As a Dark Matter Detector, Proceedings of the 26th International Cosmic-Ray Conference, Utah August 1999, http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-ex/9905042 , and references therein
- ^ L. Gonzalez-Mestres (1994), Luminescent Bolometer and Neutrino Physics, http://arxiv.org/abs/physics/9711025 , and references therein
- ^ Rafael F. Lang and Wolfgang Seidel (June 2009), Search for Dark Matter with CRESST, New J. Phys. 11 (2009) 105017, http://arxiv.org/abs/0906.3290
- ^ J. Amaré et al. (2006), Recent developments on scintillating bolometers for WIMP searches: ROSEBUD status., 9th International Conference on Astroparticle and Underground Physics (TAUP 2005), Zaragoza, Spain, 10–14 September 2005, J.Phys.Conf.Ser. 39, 133-135, 2006, http://www.iop.org/EJ/article/1742-6596/39/1/029/jpconf6_39_029.pdf
- ^ E. Armengau et al. (March 2009), Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop "Radiopure Scintillators for EURECA" (RPScint'2008), http://arxiv.org/abs/0903.1539
- ^ L. Gonzalez-Mestres and D. Perret-Gallix (June 1989), New Results On Detector Developments For Low-Energy Neutrinos And Dark Matter, Invited talk at Moriond Workshop The Quest for Fundamental Constants in Cosmology, scanned version at http://ccdb4fs.kek.jp/cgi-bin/img/allpdf?200033910
- ^ L. Gonzalez-Mestres (November 1991), Low temperature scintillation and particle detection, Proceedings of the 4th Workshop on Low Temperature Detectors for Neutrinos and Dark Matter and Other Quanta (LTD 4), Oxford September 1991, scanned version at http://ccdb4fs.kek.jp/cgi-bin/img/allpdf?200032222
- ^ L. Gonzalez-Mestres (February 1992), The Ultimate solar neutrino detector: Simultaneous detection of light and phonons in a fast scintillator made of single crystals of an indium compound and cooled to very low temperature, Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Theoretical and Phenomenological Aspects of Underground Physics, Toledo (Spain), september 1991, Nuclear Physics B (Proc. Suppl.) 28A, 478-481, 1992
- ^ L. Gonzalez-Mestres and D. Perret-Gallix, Low temperature detectors for neutrinos and dark matter II, Atlantica Séguier Frontières, 1988, http://books.google.com/books?id=oeVQ9TkDwNgC
- ^ L. Gonzalez-Mestres and D. Perret-Gallix, Low temperature: hot topic (II European Workshop on Low Temperature Detectors), CERN Courier August-September 1998
- ^ L. Gonzalez-Mestres and D. Perret-Gallix, Les cryodétecteurs: un domaine actif et très prometteur, CNRS Info, 15 January 1989
- ^ L. Gonzalez-Mestres and D. Perret-Gallix, presented by L. Gonzalez-Mestres, in Proceedings of the Third ESO-CERN Symposium, Bologna, Italy, May 16-20, 1988 (A90-44077 19-90). Dordrecht, Netherlands and Boston, MA, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1989, p. 297-302, http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1989ASSL..155..297G . Full text available at http://ccdb4fs.kek.jp/cgi-bin/img/allpdf?198809028 .
- ^ L. Gonzalez-Mestres and D. Perret-Gallix, presented by L. Gonzalez-Mestres, in Proceedings of the 24th Internation Conference on High-Energy Physics (Munich, August 1988), Edited by R. Kotthaus and J.H. Kuhn. Berlin, Germany, Springer-Verlag, 1989. Paper available at http://www.iaea.org/inis/collection/NCLCollectionStore/_Public/21/000/21000903.pdf
- ^ A. de Bellefon, P. Espigat and L. Gonzalez-Mestres (May 1990), A bolometric approach to cosmion searches, Proceedings of the Moriond Workshop : Particle astrophysics - the early universe and cosmic structures, March 1990, scanned version at http://ccdb4fs.kek.jp/cgi-bin/img/allpdf?200032547
- ^ P. de Marcillac, N. Coronb, J. Leblanc, C. Bobin, I. Berkes, M. De Jesus, J.P. Hadjout, L. Gonzalez-Mestres and J.W. Zhou (July 1993), Characterization of a 2 g LiF bolometer, Nucl. Instr. Meth. A337, 95-100
- ^ N. Coron, J.W. Zhou, A. de Bellefon, G. Dambier, Y. Giraud-Héraud, C. Goldbach, L. Gonzalez-Mestres, P. Goret, J. Leblanc, P. de Marcillac and G. Nollez (1994), Underground measurements at the frejus tunnel in the 3keV-5MeV energy range with a massive bolometer , Nuclear Physics B - Proc. Suppl. 35, 169-171, 1994
- ^ Luis González-Mestres (May 1995), Properties of a possible class of particles able to travel faster than light, http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/9505117 , Proceedings of the 30th Moriond Workshop Dark Matter in Cosmology, Clocks and Tests of Fundamental Laws, January 22–29, 1995
- ^ Luis González-Mestres (June 1996), Superluminal Matter and High-Energy Cosmic Rays, http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/9606054
- ^ a b Luis González-Mestres (May 2009), Superbradyons and some possible dark matter signatures, http://arxiv.org/abs/0905.4146
- ^ S. Coleman and S. Glashow, Phys.Lett. B405:249-252,1997 , http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-ph/9703240
- ^ Luis González-Mestres (April 1997), Vacuum Structure, Lorentz Symmetry and Superluminal Particles, http://arxiv.org/abs/physics/9704017
- ^ Nick Mavromatos, Testing models of quantum gravity, CERN Courier, August 2002, http://cerncourier.com/cws/article/cern/28696
- ^ Luis González-Mestres (May 1997), Absence of Greisen-Zatsepin-Kuzmin Cutoff and Stability of Unstable Particles at Very High Energy, as a Consequence of Lorentz Symmetry Violation, Proceedings of the 1997 International Cosmic-Ray Conference, Durban, http://arxiv.org/abs/physics/9705031
- ^ 25th International Cosmic Ray Conference, Volume 6, Potscheftroomse Universiteit, Copyright Space Research Unit 1997, ISBN 1-86822-281-0
- ^ a b Luis González-Mestres (June 1997), Possible Effects of Lorentz Symmetry Violation on the Interaction Properties of Very High-Energy Cosmic Rays, http://arxiv.org/abs/physics/9706032
- ^ Luis González-Mestres (November 2000), Lorentz Symmetry Violation and Acceleration in Relativistic Shocks, International Symposium on High Energy Gamma-Ray Astronomy, Heidelberg, Germany, June 26-30, 2000, AIP Conf. Proc. -- April 2, 2001 -- Volume 558, pp. 874-877, http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0011182
- ^ T. Jacobson, S. Liberati & D. Mattingly, A strong astrophysical constraint on the violation of special relativity by quantum gravity, Nature 424, 1019-1021 (28 August 2003), http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v424/n6952/full/nature01882.html , http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0212190
- ^ Giovanni Amelino-Camelia, Jerzy Kowalski-Glikman, Gianluca Mandanici, Andrea Procaccin, Phenomenology of Doubly Special Relativity, Int.J.Mod.Phys. A20 (2005) 6007-6038, http://arxiv.org/abs/gr-qc/0312124
- ^ Luis González-Mestres (October 2002), Deformed Lorentz Symmetry and High-Energy Astrophysics (III), http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-th/0210141
- ^ D.A. Kirzhnits and V.A. Chechin, Cosmic Rays and the Elementary Length, http://www.jetpletters.ac.ru/ps/1604/article_24604.pdf
- ^ D.A. Kirzhnits and V.A. Chechin, Ultra-high-energy cosmic rays and possible generalization of the relativistic theory, Yad.Fiz.15:1051-1059,1972.
- ^ Luis González-Mestres (October 2005), On extrapolations below the Planck scale in models with Lorentz symmetry violation (I), http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-ph/0510361
- ^ Luis González-Mestres (January 2006), Weak doubly special relativity and ultra-high energy cosmic ray experiments, Contribution to the I CERN Council Open Symposium on European Strategy for Particle Physics, Orsay (France), January 30 - February 1st, 2006, supporting a statement in favour of UHECR space experiments, http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-ph/0601219 , and slides by M. Cavalli Sforza, http://indico.cern.ch/materialDisplay.py?contribId=3&sessionId=7&materialId=slides&confId=a056782
- ^ Dennis Overbye (December 2002), Interpreting the Cosmic Rays, The New York Times, December 31, 2002, http://www.nytimes.com/2002/12/31/science/interpreting-the-cosmic-rays.html?n=Top/News/Science/Topics/Space
- ^ Luis González-Mestres (February 2009), AUGER-HiRes results and models of Lorentz symmetry violation, http://arxiv.org/abs/0902.0994 , Proceedings of CRIS (Cosmic Ray International Seminar), La Malfa, September 15–19, 2008, Nuclear Physics B - Proc. Suppl., Volume 190, May 2009, Pages 191-197.
- ^ Luis González-Mestres (August 2009), Preon models, relativity, quantum mechanics and cosmology (I) , http://arxiv.org/abs/0908.4070
- ^ Luis González-Mestres, Cosmic rays and tests of fundamental principles, Proceedings of CRIS (Cosmic Ray International Seminar), Catania, September 13–17, 2010, Nuclear Physics B - Proc. Suppl., Volume 212-213, March/April 2011, Pages 26-33, http://arxiv.org/abs/1011.4889 , and references therein
- ^ Conseil d'Etat, decisions 171923-174257 (29 December 1997), http://conseil-etat.vlex.fr/vid/conseil-etat-ssr-decembre-recueil-lebon-40697113 and 149627, http://www.cnrs.fr/comitenational/doc/guide/reglementation/jurisprudence/jurisprudence_ce.htm#22111999
- ^ 96-3150 (17 February 1999) judgement of the Paris Administrative Court, from the web page of mathematician Michel Deza, http://tmtm.free.fr/deza/jugluisgm.html
- ^ Journal du Dimanche, 5 February 2011, Egypte: Quand le Quai d’Orsay fait taire les chercheurs, http://www.lejdd.fr/International/Actualite/Le-Quai-d-Orsay-a-demande-a-des-chercheurs-presents-en-Egypte-de-ne-pas-s-exprimer-264549/
- ^ Diagora Press, 6 May 2011, Police : le Conseil d’Etat se penche de nouveau sur le fichier Edvige, http://www.diagorapress.fr/2011/05/06/police-le-conseil-detat-se-penche-de-nouveau-sur-le-fichier-edvige/
- ^ Remnant site of the Intersyndicale of the Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC) of Collège de France (in French), http://pagesperso-orange.fr/intsynd-lpc/
- ^ COMMUNIQUE SUR LA SITUATION DU LABORATOIRE DE PHYSIQUE CORPUSCULAIRE DU COLLEGE DE FRANCE (5 Juin 1998), http://www.lagauche.com/gauche/lghebdo/1998/1998-22-03.html
- ^ "La Gauche" (Gauche Socialiste), http://www.lagauche.com/gauche/lghebdo/1998/1998-22-03.html
- ^ See, for instance, La restructuration houleuse d'un laboratoire provoque un profond malaise au Collège de France, by Hervé Morin, Le Monde, November 1, 1997, reproduced at the Intersyndicale site : http://intsynd-lpc.pagesperso-orange.fr/lmonde.html ; Liste noire pour labo en crise, by Thierry Brun, Politis, 30 october 1997, also reproduced at the Intersyndicale site, http://intsynd-lpc.pagesperso-orange.fr/politis.html
- ^ See, for instance : 1998 written questions by Marie-Claude Beaudeau, http://www.senat.fr/questions/base/1998/qSEQ981213282.html ; ; 1997 written question by Noël Mamère, http://questions.assemblee-nationale.fr/q11/11-5756QE.htm ; 1997 written question by Claude Billard, http://questions.assemblee-nationale.fr/q11/11-5761QE.htm
- ^ Appendix (page 67, audition of November 21, 1996) to the report (March 1997) by Deputy Claude Birraux Le contrôle de la sûreté et de la sécurité des installations nucléaires, Rapport de l'Office Parlementaire d'Evaluation des Choix Scientifiques et Technologiques n° 300 tome II (1996-1997), http://www.senat.fr/rap/r96-300-2/r96-300-21.pdf (in French)
- ^ Christian Bataille et Robert Galley, députés (June 1998), L'aval du cycle nucléaire, Rapport de l'Office Parlementaire d'Evaluation des Choix Scientifiques et Technologiques No 612 (1997 / 1998), http://www.senat.fr/rap/o97-612/o97-612_mono.html , Section 2.4 (in French)
- ^ ACHP site (in French), http://achp.ifrance.com/
- ^ Indépendance des Chercheurs blog "La Science au XXI Siècle", http://science21.blogs.courrierinternational.com/ (in French)
- ^ Indépendance des Chercheurs (February 2010), Universités françaises et OPA patronale (I), (II), (III), (IV) and (V) (in French)
- ^ Indépendance des Chercheurs (February 2010), CNRS, "managérisation" de la recherche et sous-traitance de l'évaluation scientifique, http://science21.blogs.courrierinternational.com/archive/2010/02/20/cnrs-managerisation-de-la-recherche-et-sous-traitance-de-l-e.html (in French)
- ^ Indépendance des Chercheurs (November 2009 - February 2010), CNRS, universités, LRU et "managérisation" (I), (II), (III), (IV), (V) and (VI) (in French)
- ^ Assemblée Nationale, Proposition de Loi relative au harcèlement moral au travail, No 2053, 22 décembre 1999 (in French), http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/11/propositions/pion2053.asp
- ^ Blog Science, connaissance et conscience (in French), http://scientia.blog.lemonde.fr/
- ^ Blog Notre Siècle (in French), http://notresiecle.blogs.courrierinternational.com/
- ^ Luis González-Mestres, Le discours de Jules Ferry du 28 juillet 1885, (I), (II), and (III) (in French)
- ^ Luis González-Mestres, Paul Broca, les femmes et les “sauvages”, (I), (II) and (III) (in French)
- ^ Sidney Coleman and Sheldon L. Glashow, Evading the GZK Cosmic-Ray Cutoff (August 1998), http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-ph/9812418 arXiv:hep-ph/9812418 and High-Energy Tests of Lorentz Invariance (December 1998), http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-ph/9812418
- ^ Luis González-Mestres (March 2000), Deformed Lorentz Symmetry and High-Energy Astrophysics (I), http://arxiv.org/abs/physics/0003080
- ^ Fabien Gruhier (February 1997), Dans trente ans le réacteur miracle? Nucléaire: la bataille du rubbiatron, Le Nouvel Observateur, February 6, 1997 (in French), reproduced in http://resosol.org/contronucleaires/Nucleaire/important/2010/rubbiatron-bataille.html
- ^ André Gsponer (November 2003), In memoriam: L'amplificateur d'énergie nucléaire de Carlo Rubbia (1993 - 2003), from La Gazette Nucléaire, No. 209/210 (in French), http://cui.unige.ch/isi/sscr/phys/Rubbiatron.html
- ^ Luis González-Mestres (December 1997), Physics opportunities above the Greisen-Zatsepin-Kuzmin cutoff: Lorentz symmetry violation at the Planck scale, http://arxiv.org/abs/physics/9712049 , Proceedings of the Workshop on observing giant cosmic ray air showers from >10E20 eV particles from space, Univ. of Maryland, Nov 13-15, 1997. AIP Conf. Proc. Volume 433, pp. 148-158 (1998).
- ^ M. Nagano and A. A. Watson: Ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays, Rev. Mod. Phys., Vol. 72, No. 3, July 2000
- ^ Luis González-Mestres (December 1997), Lorentz Symmetry Violation and High-Energy Cosmic Rays, http://arxiv.org/abs/physics/9712005
- ^ Proceedings of the Fifth International Workshop on topics in Astroparticle and Underground Physics, Nuclear Physics B - Proceedings Supplements Volume 70, January 1999
- ^ Sheldon L. Glashow, TAUP 1997 (published in January 1999), How cosmic-ray physicists can test special relativity , Nuclear Physics B - Proceedings Supplements Volume 70, 180-184
- ^ Luis González-Mestres, A propos de "Rien ne va plus en Physique", de Lee Smolin, (I) (in French)
- ^ Spanish Chess Federation, Listado de Jugadores ELO FEDA, July 2009 (in Spanish), http://www.scribd.com/doc/26483008/Listado-de-Jugadores-ELO-FEDA
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