Marina Urquidi
Abonné·e de Mediapart

Billet publié dans

Édition

English Club

Suivi par 39 abonnés

Billet de blog 5 juil. 2019

The Cost of Deportations: Behind the Figures, Violated Rights and Useless Suffering

The U.S.A. does not have exclusive rights over inhumane detention of migrants seeking asylum. How about in France? Here is my translation of an article published by the La Cimade* Communication Service. It sheds light on just one aspect of the current migration policy, the cost of detention, and the French government’s move to “externalize” much of this cost to the private sector.

Marina Urquidi
https://fr.linkedin.com/in/marinaurquidi
Abonné·e de Mediapart

Ce blog est personnel, la rédaction n’est pas à l’origine de ses contenus.

June 26, 2019

Detention center at Mesnil-Amelot, November 2007 © Yann Castanier / Hans Lucas

For the first time in ten years, two Members of Parliament looked at the cost of deportations, confirming what La Cimade has been denouncing for years, namely that the government’s priority has been to implement massive surveillance and detention, when it knows that the administration will probably not increase its deportation rate.  A policy conducted with no real evaluation and no consideration of how migrants’ rights are being violated or of the suffering inflicted on them, jeopardizing their lives.

 In 2018, 15,677 persons were deported from France and 18,283 from France’s overseas territories and departments, or a total of 33,960. According to a report presented by MPs Jean-Noël Barrot (MoDem party) and Alexandre Holroyd (LREM party), the cost of these deportations in 2018 amounted to 500 million euros. Deporting one person therefor costs and average of 14,723 euros. Behind these figures, there are broken human lives and rights violated through institutional violence, the inefficiency of which is blatant.

An unabashed repressive policy

In 2018, out of the 24,531 persons held in France in an administrative detention center, 9,782 were deported, or approximately 40%. A number of prefectures attempted to explain and justify the gap by indicating that “custody orders take less account of effective deportation possibilities and are largely based on the will to maintain public order and dissipate any feeling of impunity within the least easily ‘deportable’ foreign communities.”

The truth is that detention is authorized by law only for the period strictly necessary for organizing departure. If deportation is impossible, keeping these people in detention centers “becomes” unjustified. The administration thus acknowledges its punitive view of detention.

In this light, considering that detention will never be harmless, lengthening detention to 90 days and increasing the number of detainees in these centers, which only former president Sarkozy had initiated, seems even more cynical. A supposedly sought-for efficiency had never been the main goal. This policy is in fact driven by the will to dissuade and “make examples.”

The report additionally reveals that the number of house arrests has increased by a factor of 20; from 904 in 2012, it rose to nearly 18,500 in 2018. But here too, this massive surveillance does not produce the expected results, as only 10.5% of those under house arrest were deported in 2018.

Disturbing recommendations

To make the system more efficient and less costly, the rapporteurs advocate, among others, “externalizing, on an experimental basis, certain tasks in the detention centers not directly related to core police competences, such as reception of those coming to visit the detainees, guarding the periphery of the centers, managing the fire-security systems, video surveillance, or driving the escort vehicles.”

This is an extremely dangerous recommendation. It opens the door to privatizing deportation in France. Externalizing is a short-term view already being applied to prisons. It ignores the disastrous consequences for the detainees as well as for their families.

Nor is there any proof that such “externalizing” will allow the government to save on costs. The British system, fully privatized, still costs the authorities 500 million euros a year. Whether publicly run or privatized, massive deportation is still tantamount to mismanagement compared to what the costs would be for a dignified and broad reception.

Instead, “the rapporteurs see the functioning of delocalized courtrooms as very favorable” and propose to continue their development, as well as to resort to video hearings for evaluation before considering generalizing them, admitting nonetheless that “video hearings raise genuine questions regarding the unfolding of court procedures.”

Putting an end to obsessing over figures

Looking the other way while opening part of the deportation policy to the private sector, and at the same time pursuing the marginalization of justice as a public service: these two proposals alone are a perfect illustration of the short-term view currently governing migration policies, which are locked into a repressive and punitive logic.

The logic is also a technocratic, sacrificing the most basic rights and aggravating discrimination against foreigners. The principles guaranteeing equitable justice, or more broadly basic rights, are thus violated, relegated to the vulgar rank of supposed obstacles to the execution of deportations.

Once again, it is urgent to put an end to obsession over figures in the areas of detention and deportation deprived of any evaluation and inhuman. And basically, a radical change of course is urgent, directed at migration policies finally turned toward welcoming and integrating people, and toward their freedom to circulate, settle, and work.

* La Cimade is an organization founded in 1938 by Protestant leaders to express solidarity with the exploited and the oppressed, and to defend the dignity and rights of refugees and migrants, whatever their origins, political opinions, or convictions. It has been active before, during (organizing, among other actions, evacuations to Switzerland of Jews), and since World War II in protecting those placed in “administrative detention centers,” first by the Nazis to the present-day governments of the French Republic. Read a summary of their history (in French).

Original French version of this article. Translated by Marina Urquidi

Bienvenue dans le Club de Mediapart

Tout·e abonné·e à Mediapart dispose d’un blog et peut exercer sa liberté d’expression dans le respect de notre charte de participation.

Les textes ne sont ni validés, ni modérés en amont de leur publication.

Voir notre charte

À la Une de Mediapart

Journal — Corruption
Le fils du président du Congo est soupçonné d’avoir blanchi 19 millions d’euros en France
La justice anticorruption a saisi au début de l’été, à Neuilly-sur-Seine, un hôtel particulier suspecté d’appartenir à Denis Christel Sassou Nguesso, ministre et fils du président autocrate du Congo-Brazzaville. Pour justifier cet acte, les juges ont rédigé une ordonnance pénale, dont Mediapart a pris connaissance, qui détaille des années d’enquête sur un vertigineux train de vie.
par Fabrice Arfi
Journal
L’affaire des « biens mal acquis »
Les Bongo au Gabon, les Sassou Nguesso au Congo-Brazzaville, les Obiang en Guinée équatoriale... Depuis 2007, la police et la justice enquêtent sur le patrimoine faramineux en France des familles de trois clans présidentiels africains qui règnent sans partage sur leur pays.
par La rédaction de Mediapart
Journal — Écologie
« L’urbanisation est un facteur aggravant des mégafeux en Gironde »
Si les dérèglements climatiques ont attisé les grands incendies qui ravagent les forêts des Landes cet été, l’urbanisation croissante de cette région de plus en plus attractive contribue aussi à l’intensification des mégafeux, alerte Christine Bouisset, géographe au CNRS.
par Mickaël Correia
Journal
En Inde, après l’attaque contre Rushdie, le silence éloquent des politiques
« Les Versets sataniques » ont été interdits en Inde, son pays natal, en 1988. Un an avant la fatwa prononcé par l’Iran contre Salman Rushdie, qui allait faire de sa vie un enfer. Son agression aux États-Unis en fin de semaine dernière n’a suscité aucune réaction officielle, dans un pays où les condamnations au nom du respect des croyants hindous se multiplient.
par Côme Bastin

La sélection du Club

Billet de blog
La sobriété, c'est maintenant ou jamais
Le bras de fer en cours avec la Russie autour des énergies fossiles est l’occasion d’entrer de plain-pied dans l’ère de la sobriété énergétique. Pourtant, nos gouvernants semblent lorgner vers une autre voie : celle qui consiste simplement à changer de fournisseur, au risque de perdre toute crédibilité morale et de manquer une occasion historique en faveur du climat.
par Sylvain BERMOND
Billet de blog
De quoi avons-nous vraiment besoin ?
[Rediffusion] Le choix de redéfinir collectivement ce dont nous avons besoin doit être au centre des débats à venir si l'on veut réussir la bifurcation sociale et écologique de nos sociétés, ce qui est à la fois urgent et incontournable.
par Eric Berr
Billet de blog
Réflexions sur le manque (1) : De la rareté sur mesure
Pour que l’exigence de qualité et de singularité de l’individu contemporain puisse être conciliée avec ses appropriations massives, il faut que soit introduit un niveau de difficulté supplémentaire. La résistance nourrit et relance l’intérêt porté au processus global. Pour tirer le meilleur parti de ces mécanismes psycho-comportementaux, nos sociétés "gamifiées" créent de la rareté sur mesure.
par clemence.kerdaffrec@gmail.com
Billet d’édition
Besoins, désirs, domination
[Rediffusion] Qu'arrive-t-il aux besoins des êtres humains sous le capitalisme ? Alors que la doxa libérale naturalise les besoins existants en en faisant des propriétés de la «nature humaine», nous sommes aujourd'hui forcé·es, à l'heure des urgences écologique, sociale et démocratique, à chercher à dévoiler et donc politiser leur construction sociale.
par Dimitris Fasfalis